This page was translated from the HTML 4.01 Specification of W3C Recommendation 24 December 1999 into CSV by the substitution function of the Vi Editor.


<!-- ISO 8859-1 characters for HTML -->

<!-- Character entity set. Typical invocation:
     <!ENTITY % HTMLlat1 PUBLIC
       "-//W3C//ENTITIES Latin 1//EN//HTML">
     %HTMLlat1;
-->

<!-- Portions &copy; International Organization for Standardization 1986
     Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with
     conforming SGML systems and applications as defined in
     ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.
-->
ENTITY&[E];NUMBER&#[N];EXPLANATION
nbsp 160 no-break space = non-breaking space‚ U+00A0 ISOnum
iexcl¡161¡inverted exclamation mark‚ U+00A1 ISOnum
cent¢162¢cent sign‚ U+00A2 ISOnum
pound£163£pound sign‚ U+00A3 ISOnum
curren¤164¤currency sign‚ U+00A4 ISOnum
yen¥165¥yen sign = yuan sign‚ U+00A5 ISOnum
brvbar¦166¦broken bar = broken vertical bar‚ U+00A6 ISOnum
sect§167§section sign‚ U+00A7 ISOnum
uml¨168¨diaeresis = spacing diaeresis‚ U+00A8 ISOdia
copy©169©copyright sign‚ U+00A9 ISOnum
ordfª170ªfeminine ordinal indicator‚ U+00AA ISOnum
laquo«171«left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet‚ U+00AB ISOnum
not¬172¬not sign‚ U+00AC ISOnum
shy­173­soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen‚ U+00AD ISOnum
reg®174®registered sign = registered trade mark sign‚ U+00AE ISOnum
macr¯175¯macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar‚ U+00AF ISOdia
deg°176°degree sign‚ U+00B0 ISOnum
plusmn±177±plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign‚ U+00B1 ISOnum
sup2²178²superscript two = superscript digit two = squared‚ U+00B2 ISOnum
sup3³179³superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed‚ U+00B3 ISOnum
acute´180´acute accent = spacing acute‚ U+00B4 ISOdia
microµ181µmicro sign‚ U+00B5 ISOnum
para182pilcrow sign = paragraph sign‚ U+00B6 ISOnum
middot·183·middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot‚ U+00B7 ISOnum
cedil¸184¸cedilla = spacing cedilla‚ U+00B8 ISOdia
sup1¹185¹superscript one = superscript digit one‚ U+00B9 ISOnum
ordmº186ºmasculine ordinal indicator‚ U+00BA ISOnum
raquo»187»right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet‚ U+00BB ISOnum
frac14¼188¼vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter‚ U+00BC ISOnum
frac12½189½vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half‚ U+00BD ISOnum
frac34¾190¾vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters‚& U+00BE ISOnum
iquest¿191¿inverted question mark = turned question mark‚ U+00BF ISOnum
AgraveÀ192Àlatin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave‚ U+00C0 ISOlat1
AacuteÁ193Álatin capital letter A with acute‚ U+00C1 ISOlat1
AcircÂ194Âlatin capital letter A with circumflex‚ U+00C2 ISOlat1
AtildeÃ195Ãlatin capital letter A with tilde‚ U+00C3 ISOlat1
AumlÄ196Älatin capital letter A with diaeresis‚ U+00C4 ISOlat1
AringÅ197Ålatin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring‚ U+00C5 ISOlat1
AEligÆ198Ælatin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE‚ U+00C6 ISOlat1
CcedilÇ199Çlatin capital letter C with cedilla‚ U+00C7 ISOlat1
EgraveÈ200Èlatin capital letter E with grave‚ U+00C8 ISOlat1
EacuteÉ201Élatin capital letter E with acute‚ U+00C9 ISOlat1
EcircÊ202Êlatin capital letter E with circumflex‚ U+00CA ISOlat1
EumlË203Ëlatin capital letter E with diaeresis‚ U+00CB ISOlat1
IgraveÌ204Ìlatin capital letter I with grave‚ U+00CC ISOlat1
IacuteÍ205Ílatin capital letter I with acute‚ U+00CD ISOlat1
IcircÎ206Îlatin capital letter I with circumflex‚ U+00CE ISOlat1
IumlÏ207Ïlatin capital letter I with diaeresis‚ U+00CF ISOlat1
ETHÐ208Ðlatin capital letter ETH‚ U+00D0 ISOlat1
NtildeÑ209Ñlatin capital letter N with tilde‚ U+00D1 ISOlat1
OgraveÒ210Òlatin capital letter O with grave‚ U+00D2 ISOlat1
OacuteÓ211Ólatin capital letter O with acute‚ U+00D3 ISOlat1
OcircÔ212Ôlatin capital letter O with circumflex‚ U+00D4 ISOlat1
OtildeÕ213Õlatin capital letter O with tilde‚ U+00D5 ISOlat1
OumlÖ214Ölatin capital letter O with diaeresis‚ U+00D6 ISOlat1
times×215×multiplication sign‚ U+00D7 ISOnum
OslashØ216Ølatin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash‚ U+00D8 ISOlat1
UgraveÙ217Ùlatin capital letter U with grave‚ U+00D9 ISOlat1
UacuteÚ218Úlatin capital letter U with acute‚ U+00DA ISOlat1
UcircÛ219Ûlatin capital letter U with circumflex‚ U+00DB ISOlat1
UumlÜ220Ülatin capital letter U with diaeresis‚ U+00DC ISOlat1
YacuteÝ221Ýlatin capital letter Y with acute‚ U+00DD ISOlat1
THORNÞ222Þlatin capital letter THORN‚ U+00DE ISOlat1
szligß223ßlatin small letter sharp s = ess-zed‚ U+00DF ISOlat1
agraveà224àlatin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave‚ U+00E0 ISOlat1
aacuteá225álatin small letter a with acute‚ U+00E1 ISOlat1
acircâ226âlatin small letter a with circumflex‚ U+00E2 ISOlat1
atildeã227ãlatin small letter a with tilde‚ U+00E3 ISOlat1
aumlä228älatin small letter a with diaeresis‚ U+00E4 ISOlat1
aringå229ålatin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring‚ U+00E5 ISOlat1
aeligæ230ælatin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae‚ U+00E6 ISOlat1
ccedilç231çlatin small letter c with cedilla‚ U+00E7 ISOlat1
egraveè232èlatin small letter e with grave‚ U+00E8 ISOlat1
eacuteé233élatin small letter e with acute‚ U+00E9 ISOlat1
ecircê234êlatin small letter e with circumflex‚ U+00EA ISOlat1
eumlë235ëlatin small letter e with diaeresis‚ U+00EB ISOlat1
igraveì236ìlatin small letter i with grave‚ U+00EC ISOlat1
iacuteí237ílatin small letter i with acute‚ U+00ED ISOlat1
icircî238îlatin small letter i with circumflex‚ U+00EE ISOlat1
iumlï239ïlatin small letter i with diaeresis‚ U+00EF ISOlat1
ethð240ðlatin small letter eth‚ U+00F0 ISOlat1
ntildeñ241ñlatin small letter n with tilde‚ U+00F1 ISOlat1
ograveò242òlatin small letter o with grave‚ U+00F2 ISOlat1
oacuteó243ólatin small letter o with acute‚ U+00F3 ISOlat1
ocircô244ôlatin small letter o with circumflex‚ U+00F4 ISOlat1
otildeõ245õlatin small letter o with tilde‚ U+00F5 ISOlat1
oumlö246ölatin small letter o with diaeresis‚ U+00F6 ISOlat1
divide÷247÷division sign‚ U+00F7 ISOnum
oslashø248ølatin small letter o with stroke‚ = latin small letter o slash‚ U+00F8 ISOlat1
ugraveù249ùlatin small letter u with grave‚ U+00F9 ISOlat1
uacuteú250úlatin small letter u with acute‚ U+00FA ISOlat1
ucircû251ûlatin small letter u with circumflex‚ U+00FB ISOlat1
uumlü252ülatin small letter u with diaeresis‚ U+00FC ISOlat1
yacuteý253ýlatin small letter y with acute‚ U+00FD ISOlat1
thornþ254þlatin small letter thorn‚ U+00FE ISOlat1
yumlÿ255ÿlatin small letter y with diaeresis‚ U+00FF ISOlat1
<!-- Mathematical, Greek and Symbolic characters for HTML -->

<!-- Character entity set. Typical invocation:
     <!ENTITY % HTMLsymbol PUBLIC
       "-//W3C//ENTITIES Symbols//EN//HTML">
     %HTMLsymbol; --> 

<!-- Portions &copy; International Organization for Standardization 1986:
     Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with
     conforming SGML systems and applications as defined in
     ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.
-->

<!-- Relevant ISO entity set is given unless names are newly introduced.
     New names (i.e., not in ISO 8879 list) do not clash with any
     existing ISO 8879 entity names. ISO 10646 character numbers
     are given for each character, in hex. CDATA values are decimal
     conversions of the ISO 10646 values and refer to the document
     character set. Names are ISO 10646 names. 
-->
ENTITY&[E];NUMBER&#[N];EXPLANATION
<!-- Latin Extended-B -->
fnofƒ402ƒlatin small f with hook = function = florin‚ U+0192 ISOtech
<!-- Greek -->
AlphaΑ913Αgreek capital letter alpha‚ U+0391
BetaΒ914Βgreek capital letter beta‚ U+0392
GammaΓ915Γgreek capital letter gamma‚ U+0393 ISOgrk3
DeltaΔ916Δgreek capital letter delta‚ U+0394 ISOgrk3
EpsilonΕ917Εgreek capital letter epsilon‚ U+0395
ZetaΖ918Ζgreek capital letter zeta‚ U+0396
EtaΗ919Ηgreek capital letter eta‚ U+0397
ThetaΘ920Θgreek capital letter theta‚ U+0398 ISOgrk3
IotaΙ921Ιgreek capital letter iota‚ U+0399
KappaΚ922Κgreek capital letter kappa‚ U+039A
LambdaΛ923Λgreek capital letter lambda‚ U+039B ISOgrk3
MuΜ924Μgreek capital letter mu‚ U+039C
NuΝ925Νgreek capital letter nu‚ U+039D
XiΞ926Ξgreek capital letter xi‚ U+039E ISOgrk3
OmicronΟ927Οgreek capital letter omicron‚ U+039F
PiΠ928Πgreek capital letter pi‚ U+03A0 ISOgrk3
RhoΡ929Ρgreek capital letter rho‚ U+03A1
<!-- there is no Sigmaf‚ and no U+03A2 character either -->
SigmaΣ931Σgreek capital letter sigma‚ U+03A3 ISOgrk3
TauΤ932Τgreek capital letter tau‚ U+03A4
UpsilonΥ933Υgreek capital letter upsilon‚ U+03A5 ISOgrk3
PhiΦ934Φgreek capital letter phi‚ U+03A6 ISOgrk3
ChiΧ935Χgreek capital letter chi‚ U+03A7
PsiΨ936Ψgreek capital letter psi‚ U+03A8 ISOgrk3
OmegaΩ937Ωgreek capital letter omega‚ U+03A9 ISOgrk3
alphaα945αgreek small letter alpha‚ U+03B1 ISOgrk3
betaβ946βgreek small letter beta‚ U+03B2 ISOgrk3
gammaγ947γgreek small letter gamma‚ U+03B3 ISOgrk3
deltaδ948δgreek small letter delta‚ U+03B4 ISOgrk3
epsilonε949εgreek small letter epsilon‚ U+03B5 ISOgrk3
zetaζ950ζgreek small letter zeta‚ U+03B6 ISOgrk3
etaη951ηgreek small letter eta‚ U+03B7 ISOgrk3
thetaθ952θgreek small letter theta‚ U+03B8 ISOgrk3
iotaι953ιgreek small letter iota‚ U+03B9 ISOgrk3
kappaκ954κgreek small letter kappa‚ U+03BA ISOgrk3
lambdaλ955λgreek small letter lambda‚ U+03BB ISOgrk3
muμ956μgreek small letter mu‚ U+03BC ISOgrk3
nuν957νgreek small letter nu‚ U+03BD ISOgrk3
xiξ958ξgreek small letter xi‚ U+03BE ISOgrk3
omicronο959οgreek small letter omicron‚ U+03BF NEW
piπ960πgreek small letter pi‚ U+03C0 ISOgrk3
rhoρ961ρgreek small letter rho‚ U+03C1 ISOgrk3
sigmafς962ςgreek small letter final sigma‚ U+03C2 ISOgrk3
sigmaσ963σgreek small letter sigma‚ U+03C3 ISOgrk3
tauτ964τgreek small letter tau‚ U+03C4 ISOgrk3
upsilonυ965υgreek small letter upsilon‚ U+03C5 ISOgrk3
phiφ966φgreek small letter phi‚ U+03C6 ISOgrk3
chiχ967χgreek small letter chi‚ U+03C7 ISOgrk3
psiψ968ψgreek small letter psi‚ U+03C8 ISOgrk3
omegaω969ωgreek small letter omega‚ U+03C9 ISOgrk3
thetasymϑ977ϑgreek small letter theta symbol‚ U+03D1 NEW
upsihϒ978ϒgreek upsilon with hook symbol‚ U+03D2 NEW
pivϖ982ϖgreek pi symbol‚ U+03D6 ISOgrk3
<!-- General Punctuation -->
bull8226bullet = black small circle‚ U+2022 ISOpub
<!-- bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator‚ U+2219 -->
hellip8230horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader‚ U+2026 ISOpub
prime8242prime = minutes = feet‚ U+2032 ISOtech
Prime8243double prime = seconds = inches‚ U+2033 ISOtech
oline8254overline = spacing overscore‚ U+203E NEW
frasl8260fraction slash‚ U+2044 NEW
<!-- Letterlike Symbols -->
weierp8472script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p‚ U+2118 ISOamso
image8465blackletter capital I = imaginary part‚ U+2111 ISOamso
real8476blackletter capital R = real part symbol‚ U+211C ISOamso
trade8482trade mark sign‚ U+2122 ISOnum
alefsym8501alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal‚ U+2135 NEW
<!-- alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef‚ U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters -->
<!-- Arrows -->
larr8592leftwards arrow‚ U+2190 ISOnum
uarr8593upwards arrow‚ U+2191 ISOnum-->
rarr8594rightwards arrow‚ U+2192 ISOnum
darr8595downwards arrow‚ U+2193 ISOnum
harr8596left right arrow‚ U+2194 ISOamsa
crarr8629downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return‚ U+21B5 NEW
lArr8656leftwards double arrow‚ U+21D0 ISOtech
<!-- ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? lArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests -->
uArr8657upwards double arrow‚ U+21D1 ISOamsa
rArr8658rightwards double arrow‚ U+21D2 ISOtech
<!-- ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests -->
dArr8659downwards double arrow‚ U+21D3 ISOamsa
hArr8660left right double arrow‚ U+21D4 ISOamsa
<!-- Mathematical Operators -->
forall8704for all‚ U+2200 ISOtech
part8706partial differential‚ U+2202 ISOtech
exist8707there exists‚ U+2203 ISOtech
empty8709empty set = null set = diameter‚ U+2205 ISOamso
nabla8711nabla = backward difference‚ U+2207 ISOtech
isin8712element of‚ U+2208 ISOtech
notin8713not an element of‚ U+2209 ISOtech
ni8715contains as member‚ U+220B ISOtech
<!-- should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'? -->
prod8719n-ary product = product sign‚ U+220F ISOamsb
<!-- prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both -->
sum8721n-ary sumation‚ U+2211 ISOamsb
<!-- sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both -->
minus8722minus sign‚ U+2212 ISOtech
lowast8727asterisk operator‚ U+2217 ISOtech
radic8730square root = radical sign‚ U+221A ISOtech
prop8733proportional to‚ U+221D ISOtech
infin8734infinity‚ U+221E ISOtech
ang8736angle‚ U+2220 ISOamso
and8743logical and = wedge‚ U+2227 ISOtech
or8744logical or = vee‚ U+2228 ISOtech
cap8745intersection = cap‚ U+2229 ISOtech
cup8746union = cup‚ U+222A ISOtech
int8747integral‚ U+222B ISOtech
there48756therefore‚ U+2234 ISOtech
sim8764tilde operator = varies with = similar to‚ U+223C ISOtech
<!-- tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde‚ U+007E‚ although the same glyph might be used to represent both -->
cong8773approximately equal to‚ U+2245 ISOtech
asymp8776almost equal to = asymptotic to‚ U+2248 ISOamsr
ne8800not equal to‚ U+2260 ISOtech
equiv8801identical to‚ U+2261 ISOtech
le8804less-than or equal to‚ U+2264 ISOtech
ge8805greater-than or equal to‚ U+2265 ISOtech
sub8834subset of‚ U+2282 ISOtech
sup8835superset of‚ U+2283 ISOtech
nsub8836not a subset of‚ U+2284 ISOamsn
<!-- note that nsup‚ 'not a superset of‚ U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be‚ for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn -->
sube8838subset of or equal to‚ U+2286 ISOtech
supe8839superset of or equal to‚ U+2287 ISOtech
oplus8853circled plus = direct sum‚ U+2295 ISOamsb
otimes8855circled times = vector product‚ U+2297 ISOamsb
perp8869up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular‚ U+22A5 ISOtech
sdot8901dot operator‚ U+22C5 ISOamsb
<!-- dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot -->
lceil8968left ceiling = apl upstile‚ U+2308 ISOamsc
rceil8969right ceiling‚ U+2309 ISOamsc
lfloor8970left floor = apl downstile‚ U+230A ISOamsc
rfloor8971right floor‚ U+230B ISOamsc
lang9001left-pointing angle bracket = bra‚ U+2329 ISOtech
<!-- lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark' -->
rang9002right-pointing angle bracket = ket‚ U+232A ISOtech
<!-- rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark' -->
<!-- Geometric Shapes -->
loz9674lozenge‚ U+25CA ISOpub
<!-- Miscellaneous Symbols -->
spades9824black spade suit‚ U+2660 ISOpub
<!-- black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow -->
clubs9827black club suit = shamrock‚ U+2663 ISOpub
hearts9829black heart suit = valentine‚ U+2665 ISOpub
diams9830black diamond suit‚ U+2666 ISOpub
<!-- Special characters for HTML -->

<!-- Character entity set. Typical invocation:
     <!ENTITY % HTMLspecial PUBLIC
       "-//W3C//ENTITIES Special//EN//HTML">
     %HTMLspecial; -->

<!-- Portions &copy; International Organization for Standardization 1986:
     Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with
     conforming SGML systems and applications as defined in
     ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.
-->

<!-- Relevant ISO entity set is given unless names are newly introduced.
     New names (i.e., not in ISO 8879 list) do not clash with any
     existing ISO 8879 entity names. ISO 10646 character numbers
     are given for each character, in hex. CDATA values are decimal
     conversions of the ISO 10646 values and refer to the document
     character set. Names are ISO 10646 names. 
-->
ENTITY&[E];NUMBER&#[N];EXPLANATION
<!-- C0 Controls and Basic Latin -->
quot"34"quotation mark = APL quote‚ U+0022 ISOnum
amp&38&ampersand‚ U+0026 ISOnum
lt<60<less-than sign‚ U+003C ISOnum
gt>62>greater-than sign‚ U+003E ISOnum
<!-- Latin Extended-A -->
OEligŒ338Œlatin capital ligature OE‚ U+0152 ISOlat2
oeligœ339œlatin small ligature oe‚ U+0153 ISOlat2
<!-- ligature is a misnomer‚ this is a separate character in some languages -->
ScaronŠ352Šlatin capital letter S with caron‚ U+0160 ISOlat2
scaronš353šlatin small letter s with caron‚ U+0161 ISOlat2
YumlŸ376Ÿlatin capital letter Y with diaeresis‚ U+0178 ISOlat2
<!-- Spacing Modifier Letters -->
circˆ710ˆmodifier letter circumflex accent‚ U+02C6 ISOpub
tilde˜732˜small tilde‚ U+02DC ISOdia
<!-- General Punctuation -->
ensp8194en space‚ U+2002 ISOpub
emsp8195em space‚ U+2003 ISOpub
thinsp8201thin space‚ U+2009 ISOpub
zwnj8204zero width non-joiner‚ U+200C NEW RFC 2070
zwj8205zero width joiner‚ U+200D NEW RFC 2070
lrm8206left-to-right mark‚ U+200E NEW RFC 2070
rlm8207right-to-left mark‚ U+200F NEW RFC 2070
ndash8211en dash‚ U+2013 ISOpub
mdash8212em dash‚ U+2014 ISOpub
lsquo8216left single quotation mark‚ U+2018 ISOnum
rsquo8217right single quotation mark‚ U+2019 ISOnum
sbquo8218single low-9 quotation mark‚ U+201A NEW
ldquo8220left double quotation mark‚ U+201C ISOnum
rdquo8221right double quotation mark‚ U+201D ISOnum
bdquo8222double low-9 quotation mark‚ U+201E NEW
dagger8224dagger‚ U+2020 ISOpub
Dagger8225double dagger‚ U+2021 ISOpub
permil8240per mille sign‚ U+2030 ISOtech
lsaquo8249single left-pointing angle quotation mark‚ U+2039 ISO proposed
<!-- lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized -->
rsaquo8250single right-pointing angle quotation mark‚ U+203A ISO proposed
<!-- rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized -->
euro8364euro sign‚ U+20AC NEW

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Last-modified: 2006-02-16 (木) 01:09:46 (3950d)
ISBN10
ISBN13
9784061426061